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Caracas & Central Area Venezuela


Fact Sheet

These mountainous regions, located in the Federal District and the Miranda, Carabobo and Aragua States, represent only a small part of the Venezuelan territory, that is to say, just 8.5% of the national surface, but include 44% of the country's total population. Almost it’s whole 21,644 sq. Kms. The central section of the Coast Cordillera between the Nirgua Massif and the Unare Depression comprises surface. The local disparities are expressed in the contrasting landscapes, where a peculiar topography and changing human characteristics can be appreciated.

The altitude of these landscapes permits the formation of several thermic floors, which are not as plenty as the Andean ones; but, nevertheless, make possible the development of isothermal temperate climates with an abundant rainfall, excepting the dry season period. The climate is warmer in the most depressed zones. At the coast, the characteristics of the xerophytic vegetation in La Guaira contrast with the ones of the humid and warm environment of the Barlovento depression.

The major cities are Valencia, Los Teques, Maracay and the nation's capital: Caracas, which stand at 922 meters (2,843 ft.) at its Plaza Bolívar, and enjoys an average temperature of 22 °C ( 72 °F ) throughout the year.

Location: North - Central Venezuela.

States: D. F., Miranda, Aragua and Carabobo.

Federal District: Area: 1.930 sq. Kms.

Capital: Caracas (Official government census 1.990: 1.822.465 ih.).

Population: 2.103.661 ih. (Official government census 1.990).

Relief: Mountainous. The Coastal Range is accessible. The Pico

Naiguatá is the highest summit 2,765 meters.

Hydrography: Represented by the basin of the watershed of Caribbean Sea and the wooden bowl of Guaire River affluent of Tuy River.

Climate: Climatic variability. The temperature average in Caracas City the temperature average is 22º C.

Vegetation: In the mountain zone, higrófilas and tropófilas jungle, in the coastal corner is xerophyte forest.

Miranda State: Area: 7.950 sq. Kms.

Capital: Los Teques (Official government census 1.990: 140.617 ih. ).

Population: 1.871.093 ih. (Official government census 1.990).

Relief: Prevailing the Coastal Range with the Tuy Valley.

Hydrography: The wooden bowl prevailing in the hydrographic net that flow into Caribbean Sea. Other rivers: Capaya, Curiepe, San José, Cúpira y Guapo.

Climate: Change with the height; tropical semi-arid toward the coast.

Temperature averages 20º C. Rainy annual average 1.200 - 3.500 mm.

Vegetation: In the high areas the vegetation is tropical savanna. the coast is cactácea.

Aragua State: Area: 7.014 sq. Kms.

Capital: Maracay (Official government census 1.990: 354.196 ih.).

Population: 1.120.132 ih. (Official government census 1.990).

Relief: Mountainous. Belong at Coastal Range, in the middle of mountain system, exist the Valencia Lake and Aragua Valley.

Hydrography: The principal rivers: Tuy, Aragua, Cagua, Guárico and the Guayas.

Climate: Temperature average 24º C - 27º C. Rainy annual average 550 - 1.000 mm.

Vegetation: Prevailing the tropófilo forest.

Carabobo State: Area: 4.650 sq. Kms.

Capital: Valencia (Official government census 1.990: 903.621 ih.).

Population: 1.453.232 ih. (Official government census 1.990).

Relief: Mountainous. Valencia Lake in the low land.

Hydrography: Three wooden bowls: Valencia Lake, Caribbean Sea and

Orinoco River. The tributary of the lake: Guigue, Cabriales and Guacara; Ca-

ribbean Sea: Urama, Morón y Borburata; the Orinoco wooden bowl: Pao, Pacarigua and Guárico.

Climate: The temperature averages in Puerto Cabello the temperature average is 26º C.

Vegetation: Tropófilo forest, samófilas savannas and xerophyte bush.

Ecotourism & Adventure

Highlights: Avila National Park ( D.F. & Miranda State).

Henri Pittier National Park (Aragua & Carabobo State).

Laguna de Tacarigua National Park (Miranda State).

Guatopo National Park (Miranda State).

San Esteban National Park (Carabobo State).

Choroní Town and Chuao Village - Henri Pittier National Park

The Spanish Royal Road - Avila National Park.

Cuira, Cúpira and Guapo rivers.

Ecotourism & Adventure

Activities: Natural History Tours. Birdwatching. Nature Photography Workshops. Photo Safaris. Kayaking. Canoeing. Fishing. Biking Tours. Trekking. Horseback Riding. Overland Tours.

Scientific Expeditions & Tours. Scuba Diving. Cruiser. Hangliding & Paragliding. Cultural Tours. Hiking.

 

 


Abstract

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